STDs/STIs refer to Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections. These diseases can be transmitted through sexual contact and can occur in both genders.
The most common symptoms of STD in females are:
- Vaginal Itching
- Unusual Discharge
- Rashes around pelvic
- Pain in Vagina
The most common STI symptoms in men are:
- Burning or itching in the penis
- A frequent need to urinate
- Pain during ejaculation
- Sore bumps and blisters around the penis and genitals.
Although STDs are a life-threatening cause, most of the time, they do not show any symptoms. Moreover, most people ignore these symptoms by thinking, “it will go away soon”, but it won’t. If left untreated, STDs can cause fertility problems and can even cause cervical cancer.
Although symptoms of STD in females can take up to a month to show, they can be clearly seen in the male body within 4-5 days. Consultation with a gynaecologist is necessary if the common symptoms of STI starts to show.
Symptoms of STD in Female and Male
Common STDs in Women
Some of the most common types of STDs in women are:
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Symptoms of Gonorrhea: Vaginal discharge and frequent vaginal bleeding are the most common symptoms of gonorrhea. Moreover, a burning sensation while urinating is a less common symptom of gonorrhea.
Causes of Gonorrhea: It is a type of disease that can infect both male and female bodies. A sexually transmitted bacterium can cause gonorrhoea. Although gonorrhea cannot transmit through kisses or skin touches, it can spread perinatally from a mother to a newborn.
Treatment of Gonorrhea: It is a curable disease and can be treated with intramuscular ceftriaxone or with other alternative antibiotics that your doctors will prescribe.
Symptoms of Chlamydia: The most common chlamydia symptoms are stomach or pelvic pain and bleeding after sex. However, people with chlamydia hardly show any outward symptoms. As a matter of fact, over 90% of people with chlamydia show no STI infection symptoms.
Causes of Chlamydia: This infection transmits from one person to another through sexual intercourse. Although the symptoms of chlamydia are hard to detect, it can cause infertility and can transmit from a mother to a newborn.
Treatment of Chlamydia: It can effectively be treated with antibiotics such as doxycycline and azithromycin. Since it is a bacteria in nature, its treatment does not requires operations or the intake of heavy drugs.
3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Symptoms of Human Papillomavirus (HPV): This disease has various symptoms; some of the most common are unusual discharge, pain after sex, and lumps in the vagina. HPV is a major disease and requires medical attention as soon as the symptoms appear.
Causes of Human Papillomavirus (HPV): It divides into a wide variety of diseases, and most of them can only be transmitted through sexual contact.
Treatment of Human Papillomavirus (HPV): According to CDC, HPV infection leaves the body within a year or two. However, there have been a number of severe health issues associated with HPV, such as genital warts and cervical cancer and other incurable diseases.
The Most Common Types of Male STDs
Although STI symptoms in males are more transparent than in female bodies, men are much more vulnerable to STI diseases. Some of the most common STI diseases are:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
Symptoms of Gonorrhea: The common symptoms of gonorrhea in a male body are: pain while urinating, swollen testicles, and pain in the pelvic area.
Causes of Gonorrhea: It can only be transmitted through sexual intercourse, and ejaculation is not necessary to transmit or acquire gonorrhea.
Treatment of Gonorrhea: It is a treatable disease and can be cured with medication prescribed by doctors.
2. Hepatitis A
Symptoms of Hepatitis A: It is one of the minor STDs, and its common symptoms are: lack of appetite, unsual fatigue, painful joints, and dark urine.
Causes of Hepatitis A: It is a common disease and can be infected by drinking polluted water, eating raw selfish, and sexual contact.
Treatment of Hepatitis A: It is a common type of viral and can go away on its own within a month. Moreover, you can even use drugs for viral to have quick relief.
3. Hepatitis B
Symptoms of Hepatitis B: The common symptoms are: nausea, blood vomiting, yellowish skin, dark urine, and strong fever.
Causes of Hepatitis B: This disease can be caused by coming in contact with the blood or bodily fluid of a person who has already caught it or can even transmit it from genes.
Treatment of Hepatitis B: There is no curable treatment for hepatitis B. Its treatment can go on for a lifetime and can slow or either pause the disease but cannot cure it.
How to Prevent STDs?
With a little responsibility, you can easily prevent STD diseases. Some easy methods to prevent these cases from happening are:
Regular Tests: Pap smear tests are an easy way to find out whether you will have cervical cancer or not. Moreover, you can even ask your doctor for other STI tests and can get an HPV vaccination if suggested.
Use Protection: Condoms are the best contraceptive method to prevent both you and your partner from receiving or transmitting STDs. On the other hand, contraceptive pills can prevent pregnancy, but they won’t do anything against STIs.
Maintain a Healthy Diet: An diet can protect you from many STD infections like hepatitis A, syphilis, etc.
What to Do Once You’ve Been Diagnosed With STI Infection Symptoms?
Staying calm is the most important thing when you are diagnosed with STDs. Most of the STD diseases are curable, and the next few things you should do are:
- Follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor.
- Maintain a healthy diet.
- Inform your partner of the situation and encourage them to get tested and treated.
- Abstain sexual intercourse until cured or approved by a doctor. However, it is for the best to hold your makeout session until fully medicated.
- If you have minor STD conditions such as HAV or chlamydia, then there will be no need for major treatments. However, you should still go to a doctor and postpone sexual activities until fully cured.
- Hepatitis A
- Genital Warts
- Pubic Lice
- Molluscum Contagiosum
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
- Hepatitis B
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Sexual Transmitted Diseases/Infections (STDs/STIs) are passed on from person to person through sexual intercourse. Furthermore, most STD cases generally happen to people between the age of 15 and 24. However, those above this age should also take precautions by using contraceptives and following a healthy diet.
All in all, most of the STD diseases are curable, and if symptoms of STD in female and in the male body starts to show, then the best thing would be to see a specialist rather than sitting at home and waiting for the disease to pass by.